When Governor Brown signed the 局部控制 Funding Formula (LCFF) into law on July 1, it changed the rules on how state money is allocated to school districts and how districts can spend those funds. The State 董事会 of Education is now working to create templates that will guide districts in using state resources. 除了, each school district must now prepare a 局部控制 问责计划 (LCAP) to describe how they will meet state goals for all 学生.
The State requires that all California school districts engage parents, 教育工作者, 员工, and the community to establish these plans. 在这些计划, districts will describe their overall vision for 学生, outline their annual goals and enumerate the specific actions they will take to achieve their goals. Part of this includes a financial accounting for the use of the budget as well annual assessments that measure how well the strategies in the plan were able to improve student outcomes.
How will State funds be allocated to districts?
Funding will go to districts rather than individual schools. Most of the funds will consist of a base grant that districts will receive for every student in attendance. The base grants are higher for younger elementary school 学生 and highest for high school 学生. The base grants will be adjusted upward each year to reflect cost-of-living increases. Districts will also receive a supplemental grant based on the number of high-needs 学生 enrolled in the district with more than 55% high-needs 学生 will get even more funds through what are called concentration grants.
The new law effectively eliminates over 40 “categorical” programs—dedicated funding for everything from summer school and school counselors to building maintenance and principal training—that for decades were intended to serve specific needs. Instead, the categorical funds will be folded into the grant districts will get. Districts will have the option to provide the services funded by categorical funds, 但他们不会被要求这样做.
What does the State require to be included in these plans?
School districts and schools are responsible for developing goals and actions in eight priority areas defined by the state, 这些都是:
- Williams Act – Providing credentialed 老师, instructional materials that align with state standards, 以及为所有学生提供安全设施
- Academic Content and Performance Standards – Implementing California’s 通用核心州标准
- Parental Involvement – Involving parents in their student’s educational programs and in the decision-making process of the district
- Pupil Achievement — Improving student outcomes and increasing college and career readiness
- Pupil Engagement — Supporting 学生 in consistent school attendance
- School Climate – Nurturing 学生 in a healthy school environment where they feel safe
- Access and enrollment — Ensuring access for all 学生 to classes that prepare them for the future
- Pupil Outcomes – Measuring student progress and outcomes to guide the teaching process
A district may also identify goals related to its own local priorities, 并将其纳入LCAP.
社区 engagement includes community conversations and focus group discussions, 征求父母的反馈, 学生, 老师, administrators and community members to develop goals and outcomes regarding the District’s Strategic Plan.
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